The HydroFlow system induces an electric current at AM frequencies (between 100 and 200 KHZ) up and down the water flow for ranges of hundreds of meters.
The transmission is carried out with random breaks in fading sinus waves so that the entire range of salts in the water can be treated. The HydroFlow electric field produces crystal nuclei in a saturated solution, as well as in unsaturated solutions. This process attracts charged ions and forms stable crystal nuclei.
The electrical attraction pull between these nuclei increases as long as more ions join and a stable crystal is formed.
The size of the crystals are between .05 and 50 microns and they flow in the water as a suspension without settling on the walls of the pipe. As a result, there is a decrease in the level of the saturated solution in the water, triggering a process in which the existing lime scale in the pipe system is dissolved until the lines are completely clean.
The system complies with U.S., European and Canadian safety standards and its electrical system has been tested and approved by the Standards Institution of Israel. Its computerized plant manufacturing processes comply with the ISO 9000 Standard.
What is lime scale?
Lime scale is formed when calcium and magnesium minerals accumulate and form hard masses of crystals on rough surfaces. This crystalized substance is known as aragonite. Aragonite accumulation typically appears inside plumbing systems, home appliances and industrial equipment due to water temperature or pressure changes.
Lime scale problems are measured according to the degree of “hardness” in the water: a higher amount of dissolved minerals in the water means the water is “harder” – hence the term “hard water”.
Before / After Picture
- The HydroFlow signal is a decaying sine oscillation of ± 150 kHz
- Pulse separation time varies to work in a range of applications
- The decaying pulse is extremely efficient (Less than 20W)
How to battle the lime scale?
When does lime scale form?
1. Calcium and bicarbonate are dissolved in water
2. Water becomes super-saturated when temperature increases or pressure decreases
3. Ions precipitate as calcium carbonate [lime scale].
The charge – “Hard water” reaches the plumbing system and is introduced to the HydroFlow signal. The bicarbonate negative (-) ions and calcium positive (+) ions are drawn to one another.
The cluster – The ions form a microscopic cluster within micro-seconds. The cluster remains stable as long as the signal is present. The HydroFlow signal encourages the calcium carbonate ions to form clusters.
These clusters then become seed crystals; crystals prefer to attach to existing crystals.
The crystal – When the cluster is introduced to temperature or pressure changes in the water, the positive and negative ions fuse together instantly to form a stable microscopic calcite crystal. The suspended calcite crystal will not attach to pipes or elements and is expelled from the water system either by drainage (in open systems) or filtration/blow-down (in closed systems).
- Crystals form all along the rough surface of the string when there is no seed crystal
- When a seed crystal is present, crystals will form on it instead of the string’s rough surface
Prevention of Lime Scale
How Does HydroFLOW Treat Bacteria / Algae?
Osmosis and Bacteria
- Semipermeable membrane: lets water pass but not salt.
- Water flows from dilute to concentrated region
- Backterium cell: semipermeable membrane
- In distilled water, water flows into bacterium cell
- Bacterium becomes "too diluted," bursts and dies
* Even kills "freshwater" bacteria
- A bacterium passing through the HydroFLOW unit becomes charged, creating a wetting layer of pure water
- Osmosis forces water into the bacterium and causes it to burst within seconds
- HydroFLOW eliminates 99.99% of bacteria and algae passing through the unit
- No chemicals or disinfectants required
The dissolving – During the calcite crystallization process, carbon dioxide is expelled and absorbed in the water. This begins a process that naturally breaks apart existing lime scale as the carbon dioxide reacts with existing lime-scale crystals, causing them to break away from surfaces within the system. In order for existing lime scale to be dissolved, hard water is required.
Corrosion Prevention: HYDROFLOW’S induced AC current passing along a metal pipe creates a coaxial magnetic field, or “skin effect,” interfering with the electro-chemical reaction necessary for corrosion to take place. As a result, introducing HydroFlow to a system inhibits internal pipe corrosion by up to 66 percent.
How Does HydroFlow Reduce Corrosion ?
The skin effect: Current passing along a metal pipe creates a coaxial magnetic field, or “skin effect,” interfering with the electro-chemical reaction necessary for corrosion to take place. Introducing HydroFlow to a water system inhibits internal pipe corrosion by up to 66%.
Floculation: HydroFlow technology acts as a chemical flocculent without the environmental damage caused by these chemicals. HydroFlow creates flocks of suspended material by charging individual particles with alternating charges. These particles are moved together by the turbulence and are attracted in to flocks by the electric fields.
Filtration: The HydroFlow signal causes suspended particles to flock by charging individual particles with alternating charges. The charged particles are moved together by this turbulence and attracted into flocks by the generated electric field. Flocks of particles are more easily filtered out of water systems and do not penetrate deeply into filters, making filters easier to clean.
Flocks of particles are more easily filtered out of water systems and do not penetrate deeply into filters, making filters easier to clean.
Hydropath water conditioners produce the same effect as chemical flocculants, but in an environmentally-friendly and more effective manner. Installing a HYDROFLOW unit can improve water clarity in pools and reduce blow down in cooling towers by up to 80 percent.
Bio fouling control: HydroFlow technology acts as bio-inhibitor chemicals, without the environmental damage caused by these chemicals. HydroFlow technology applies charges to bacteria and algae. These charges form a hydration layer of pure water around the cell. The pure water is forced into the cell creating an osmotic pressure that ruptures the cell membrane causing death of the cell.
How Does HydroFLOW Treat Biofilm?
Fouling by bacteria and algae leads to fouling by larger organisms.
Bacteria clings to pipe surfaces.
Biofilms and Bio-fouling
Larger “micro-foulers” attach to biofilm
- Biofilm attracts larvae
- Larvae grow and hatch into limpets, barnacles, etc.
- Biofilm leads to microbial-induced corrosion
The HydroFLOW signal conducting in the metal pipe causes the release of biofilm and biofoul
- No bacteria and algae means no biofilm
- Larvae and micro-foulers will not attach
Plate Heat Exchangers: When using HydroFlow to protect plate heat exchangers, existing scale in the pipes upstream of the device will be broken down. This will lead to excess precipitate in the heat exchangers, which can continue to cause scale for the first few weeks. If the plate heat exchanger is heated using steam, it is advised that the hot steam supply is connected to the same side as the water return. The heat exchanger will give increased performance through the avoidance of boiling.
Steam Boilers: HydroFlow technology replaces the complicated water treatment regime required to operate a steam boiler. It eliminates the use of soft-water corrosion and scale inhibitors.